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American Civil War: Timeline

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  • 1787

    • 1787: Almost all the inter-regional crises involved slavery, starting with debates on the three-fifths clause and a twenty-year extension of the African slave trade in the Constitutional Convention of 1787. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.

  • 1793

    • 1793: The 1793 invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney increased by fiftyfold the quantity of cotton that could be processed in a day and greatly increased the demand for slave labor in the South. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.

  • 1810

    • September 17, 1810: The farm buildings were used as a hospital during the American Civil War in Battle of Antietam from the day of the battle on September 17, 1862, and through the following month. - Hoffman Farm, Wikipedia.

  • 1812


  • 1830

    • 1830s: Beginning in the 1830s, the US Postmaster General refused to allow mail which carried abolition pamphlets to the South. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.

  • 1845

    • September 10, 1845: During the American Civil War he enlisted in Company G, Fiftieth Regiment, of the Illinois Volunteer Infantry serving from September 10, 1861 to the end of the war. - Jesse Burr Strode, Wikipedia.

  • 1846


  • 1850

    • 1850: While Southerners often used states' rights arguments to defend slavery, sometimes roles were reversed, as when Southerners demanded national laws to defend their interests with the Gag Rule and the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1850: As of 1850 the percentage of Southern whites living in families that owned slaves was 43 percent in the lower South, 36 percent in the upper South and 22 percent in the border states that fought mostly for the Union. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.

  • 1852


  • 1854

    • February 21, 1854: With the advent of the American Civil War, Baca joined the New Mexico Volunteers and was killed in a battle with invading Texans on February 21, 1862. - Marcelino Baca, Wikipedia.
    • 1854: The 1854 Ostend Manifesto was an unsuccessful Southern attempt to annex Cuba as a slave state. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1854: The Second Party System broke down after passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, which replaced the Missouri Compromise ban on slavery with popular sovereignty, allowing the people of a territory to vote for or against slavery. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.

  • 1855

    • September 4, 1855: During the Civil War served as colonel of the Third Regiment, Missouri Volunteer Cavalry, from September 4, 1861, until February 23, 1864, when he resigned on account of impaired health. - John Montgomery Glover, Wikipedia.

  • 1857


  • 1859


  • 1860

    • March 4, 1860: The Republican victory in that election resulted in seven Southern states declaring their secession from the Union even before Lincoln took office on March 4, 1861. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1860: The election of Lincoln in 1860 was the final trigger for secession. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1860: Lincoln's victory in the presidential election of 1860 triggered South Carolina's declaration of secession from the Union. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1860: The North-South split in the Democratic Party in 1860 due to the Southern demand for a slave code for the territories completed polarization of the nation between North and South. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • November 19, 1860: During the Civil War raised and enlisted the 14th Kentucky Infantry, of which he was elected colonel November 19, 1861, and resigned January 1, 1862. - Laban T. Moore, Wikipedia.

  • 1861

    • February 7, 1861: The seven states adopted a provisional constitution for the Confederate States of America and established their temporary capital at Montgomery, Alabama. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • February 4, 1861: They established a Southern government, the Confederate States of America on February 4, 1861. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • February 4, 1861: These seven states formed the Confederate States of America (February 4, 1861), with Jefferson Davis as president, and a governmental structure closely modeled on the U.S. Constitution. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • February, 1861: Seven Deep South cotton states seceded by February 1861, starting with South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • April 12, 1861: The Civil War between the northern and southern sections of the United States, which began with the bombardment of Fort Sumter on the 12th of April 1861, and came to an end, in the last days of April 1865, with the surrender of the Confederates, was in its scope one of the greatest struggles known to history. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • April 12, 1861: - South Carolina, finding other means of seizing or regaining Fort Sumter at Charleston ineffectual, ushered in the great struggle by the bombardment of the 12th of April 1861. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • April 12, 1861: Hostilities began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked a US military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1861: The Revenue Act of 1861 introduced the income tax to help finance the war. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1861: This success opened up the lower Mississippi at the same time as the armies of the west began to move down that river under Grant, who was always accompanied by the gunboat flotilla which had been created on the upper waters in 1861. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • June 20, 1861: Returns were received from 41 of the 48 counties,[66] and a minority turnout voted heavily in favor of the new state, at first called Kanawha but later renamed West Virginia, which was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1861: Nevertheless along the whole line some kind of surveillance was established long before the close of 1861, and, in proportion as the number of vessels available increased, the blockade became more and more stringent, until at last it was practically unbreakable at any point save by the fastest steamers working under unusually favourable conditions of wind and weather. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1861: A pre-war February Peace Conference of 1861 met in Washington in a failed attempt at resolving the crisis. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1861: On the 24th of August Lee ordered Jackson to march round Pope's right wing and descend on his rear through Thoroughfare Gap on Manassas and the old battle-ground of 1861. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • August 28, 1861: Butler (August 28-29, 1861), and the bombardment and capture of Forts Beauregard and Walker at Port Royal, South Carolina,by the fleet under Commodore S.F. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • September, 1861: When Confederate forces entered the state in September 1861, neutrality ended and the state reaffirmed its Union status, while trying to maintain slavery. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • September 15, 1861: Lamar served an aide to Confederate States Army General Howell Cobb during the American Civil War and was wounded during Battle of Crampton's Gap Maryland and died within a day on September 15, 1862. - John Basil Lamar, Wikipedia.
    • September 10, 1861: After the outbreak of the American Civil War, Woodworth returned to the east coast and reentered the Navy on 10 September 1861 as an acting lieutenant. - Selim E. Woodworth, Wikipedia.
    • September 10, 1861: At the outbreak of the American Civil War, she departed New York 10 September 1861 for the Gulf Blockading Squadron off Mobile Bay. - USS Potomac (1822), Wikipedia.
    • September, 1861: During the American Civil War, Overton entered the Union Army in September 1861 as a major in the Fiftieth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. - Edward Overton, Jr., Wikipedia.
    • September, 1861: Young joined the Missouri Volunteers in September 1861 after the outbreak of the Civil War, but resigned in December. - Thomas L. Young, Wikipedia.
    • December 11, 1861: The 35th Regiment Indiana Infantry was organized on December 11, 1861 during the American Civil War, and mustered out October 23, 1865. - 35th Regiment Indiana Infantry, Wikipedia.

  • 1862


  • 1863


  • 1864

    • February 17, 1864: The first use of a submarine in combat was the Action of 17 February 1864 during the American Civil War. - Submarine, Wikipedia.
    • March 16, 1864: The troops of General Banks and the war vessels under Admiral Porter moved up the Red river, and on the 16th of March 1864 reached Alexandria. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • April 9, 1864: Confederate resistance collapsed after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • 1864: The use of masses was never put in practice more sternly than by Grant in 1864. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1864: Long forward strides of the Napoleonic type were rarely attempted; "changes of base" were indeed made across country, and over considerable distances, as by Sherman in 1864, but ordinarily either the base and the objective were connected by rail or water, or else every forward step was, after the manner of Marlborough's time, organized as a separate campaign. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • August 17, 1864: The better known American Civil War Battle of Gainesville was fought on August 17, 1864 when a Confederate force defeated Union units on a raid from the Union garrison in the Jacksonville, Florida, area. - Battle of Gainesville, Wikipedia.
    • September, 1864: The Beefsteak Raid was a Confederate cavalry raid that took place in September 1864 as part of the Siege of Petersburg during the American Civil War. - Beefsteak Raid, Wikipedia.
    • September 27, 1864: The Battle of Marianna was a small but significant engagement on September 27, 1864, in the panhandle of Florida during the American Civil War. - Battle of Marianna, Wikipedia.
    • December 4, 1864: The Battle of Waynesboro was an American Civil War battle fought on December 4, 1864, towards the end of Sherman's March to the Sea. - Battle of Waynesboro (Georgia), Wikipedia.

  • 1865

    • January, 1865: The Union victory at the Second Battle of Fort Fisher in January 1865 closed the last useful Southern port and virtually ended blockade running. - American Civil War, Wikipedia.
    • January 8, 1865: On the 8th of January 1865 General Terry arrived with the land forces, and the armada arrived off Fisher on the 12th. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • February 17, 1865: From Savannah, Sherman started on his final march through the Carolinas. Columbia, his first objective, was reached on the 17th of February 1865. - American Civil War, 1911encyclopedia.
    • November 6, 1865: She took the last surrender of the American Civil War on 6 November 1865 when the CSS Shenandoah surrendered after travelling 9,000 miles (14,500 km) to do so. - HMS Donegal (1858), Wikipedia.
    • December 22, 1865: Completed too late for service in the Civil War, Tonawanda was decommissioned at the Washington Navy Yard on 22 December 1865. - USS Tonawanda (1864), Wikipedia.

  • 1867


  • 1877

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