Massachusetts: Timeline

  
  
  
  
  
  

  • 17th century

    • 1602: Bartholomew Gosnold landed at and named Cape Cod and coasted as far south as the present No-Man's Land, which he named Martin's or Martha's Vineyard, a name later transferred to a neighbouring larger island. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1616: These indigenous people were decimated by waves of smallpox inadvertently brought to the New World by Sir Herbert Popham and his ship to the Saco area in 1616. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • 1620: In the early winter of 1620 they made the coast of Cape Cod; they had intended to make their landing farther south, within the jurisdiction of the Virginia Company, which had granted them a patent; but stress of weather prevented their doing so. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1620: The first English settlers in Massachusetts, the Pilgrims, established their settlement at Plymouth in 1620, and developed friendly relations with the native Wampanoag. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1620: King James having by patent in 1620 created a Council for New England to whom he made a large grant of territory, the council in 1628 made a sub-grant, confirmed by a royal charter that passed the seals on the 4th of March 1629, to the "Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in Newe England." There had been various minor expeditions during the few years since Smith was on the coast before this company, in the Puritan interests, had sent over John Endecott with a party in 1628 to what is now Salem. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • December, 1620: Finding themselves without warrant in a region beyond their patent, and threatened with the desertion of disaffected members of their company (probably all servants or men of the " lesser " sort) unless concessions were made to these, they drew up and signed before landing a democratic compact of government which is accounted the earliest written constitution in history.' After some exploration of the coast they made a permanent landing on the 21st of December 1620 (N.S.) at Plymouth, a harbour which had already been so named by John Smith in his maps of 1614 and 1616. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1627: The abandonment of the communal system was begun in the latter year, and with the dissolution of the partnership with the adventurers of the London Company in 1627 Plymouth became a corporate colony with its chief authority vested in the whole body of freemen convened in the General Court. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1630: The Pilgrims were soon followed by more Puritans who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony at present-day Boston in 1630. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1630: The Pilgrims were soon followed by Puritans who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony at present-day Boston in 1630. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • 1636: By 1636, the colonists had also begun to settle the inland Pioneer Valley along the Connecticut River, where the state's best agricultural land is concentrated. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1636: The whole body of freemen composed the General Court until other towns than Plymouth had been organized, the first of which were Scituate in 1636 and Duxbury in 1637, and then the representative form of government was adopted and there was a gradual differentiation between Plymouth the town and Plymouth the 1882 the assessment of realty increased nearly twelve times as much as personalty. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1636: By 1636, the colonists had begun to settle the inland Pioneer Valley along the Connecticut River, where the state's best agricultural land is concentrated. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • 1637: The early history was rendered unquiet at times by wars with the Indians, the chief of which were the Pequot War in 1637, and King Philip's War in 16 75-7 6; and for better combining against these enemies, Massachusetts, with Connecticut, New Haven and New Plymouth, formed a confederacy in 1643, considered the prototype of the larger union of the colonies which conducted the War of American Independence (1 7758 3). - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1647: It was the first state to require municipalities to appoint a teacher or establish a grammar school (albeit paid by the parents of the pupils) with the passage of the Massachusetts Education Law of 1647; this mandate was later made a part of the state constitution in 1789. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1647: It was the first state to require municipalities to appoint a teacher or establish a grammar school (albeit paid by the parents of the pupils) with the passage of the Massachusetts Education Law of 1647; this mandate was later made a part of the state constitution in 1789. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • 1649: Winthrop served repeatedly, though not continuously, as governor of the colony till his death in 1649, his rejection in 1636 being due to a party of theological revolt which chose Henry Vane (afterwards Sir Henry) to the office. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • July, 1675: Mendon was involved in an early battle in July 1675 and settlers were killed in the Blackstone Valley. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1684: After more than half a century of struggle, the crown finally annulled the charter of the colony in 1684, though not until 1686 was the old government actually supplanted on the arrival of Joseph Dudley, a native of the colony, as president of a provisional council; later, Sir Edmund Andros was sent over with a commission to unite New York and New England under his rule. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1690: There was an unsuccessful expedition against French Quebec under William Phips. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1690: There were major campaigns in the Pioneer Valley and Plymouth Colony, as well as an unsuccessful expedition against Quebec under William Phips in 1690. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • 1690: Phips, who had succeeded in an attack on Port Royal, had ignominiously failed when he led the Massachusetts fleet against Quebec in 1690; and the later expedition of 1711 was no less a failure. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1691: The province of Maine was also united in the new provincial charter of 1691, and Sir William Phips came over with it, commissioned as the first royal governor. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
  • 18th century

    • 1700: Textile products were really varied and of considerable importance before 1700. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1755: Shirley with Massachusetts troops also took part in the Oswego expedition of 1755; and Massachusetts proposed, and lent the chief assistance in the expedition of Nova Scotia in 1755 which ended in the removal of the Acadians. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1760: The first decided protests against the exercise of sovereign power by the crown, the first general moral and political revolt that marked the approach of the American War of Independence, took place in Massachusetts; so that the most striking events in the general history of the colonies as a whole from 1760 to 1775 are an intimate part of her annals. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1770s: The Boston Tea Party is an example of the protest spirit of the later pre-revolutionary period in the 1770s, and the Boston Massacre is a famous incident which escalated the conflict. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1770s: The Boston Tea Party is an example of the protest spirit of the later pre-revolutionary period in the 1770s, and the Boston Massacre is a famous incident which escalated the conflict. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • 1775: Throughout the continuance of the government under the provincial charter, there was a constant struggle between a prerogative party, headed by the royal governor, and a popular party who cherished recollections of their practical independence under the colonial charter, and who were nursing the sentiments which finally took the form of resistance in 1775. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1776: His first victory was the 11 month Siege of Boston in early 1776, where his successful fortification of Dorchester Heights forced the British to withdraw from Boston on March 17. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1779: In every campaign in every colony save in 1779-80 her soldiery were in absolute, and still more in relative, number greater than those of any other colony. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1780: After the outbreak of the war a somewhat indefinite, heterogeneous provisional government was in power till a constitution was adopted in 1780, when John Hancock became the first governor. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1780: The Massachusetts Constitution was ratified in 1780. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1780: The Massachusetts Constitution was ratified in 1780 while the Revolutionary War was in progress, four years after the Articles of Confederation was drafted, and eight years before the present United States Constitution was ratified on June 21, 1788. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1780: The Massachusetts Constitution was ratified in 1780 while the Revolutionary War was in progress, four years after the Articles of Confederation was drafted, and seven years before the present United States Constitution was ratified in 1787. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • 1785: Trade with China and India from Salem was begun in 1785 (first voyage from New York, 1784), and was first controlled there, and afterwards in Boston till the trade was lost to New York. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1786: Carding, roving and spinning machines were constructed at Bridgewater in 1786. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • August 15, 1786: A convention of delegates representing the malcontents of numerous towns in Worcester county met at Worcester on the 15th of August 1786 to consider grievances, and a week later a similar convention assembled at Hatfield, Hampshire county. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • January, 1787: However, Governor Bowdoin raised an army of 4400 men and placed it under the command of Major-General Benjamin Lincoln (1733-1810). - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1787: Fourteen other insurgents who were tried by the Supreme Court in the spring of 1787 were found guilty of treason and sentenced to death. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • February 6, 1788: The Federal Constitution was ratified by Massachusetts by only a small majority on the 6th of February 1788, after its rejection had been at one time imminent; but Massachusetts became a strong Federalist state. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • February, 1788: Shays and Parsons petitioned for pardon, and this was granted by the legislature in the following June. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1788: The first cotton mill had been established in Beverly in 1788, and the first real woollen factory at Byfield in 1794. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
  • 19th century

    • 1810s

    • 1820s

      • 1820: Systematic quarrying of siliceous crystalline rocks in New England began at Quincy in about 1820. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1822: But this form of pure democracy was in various cases long since inevitably abandoned: by Boston reluctantly in 1822, and subsequently by many other townships or cities, as growing population made action in town meeting unbearably cumbersome. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1824: The first regular steamship line from Boston to other American Atlantic ports was established in 1824. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1840s

      • 1840: It was between 1840 and 1850 that the cotton manufactures of Massachusetts began to assume large proportions; and about the same time the manufacture of boots and shoes centred there. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1840: Before 1840 a ship of 500 tons was a large ship, but after the discovery of gold in California the size of vessels increased rapidly and their lines were more and more adapted to speed. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1840: In commercial relations the chief port of Massachusetts attained its greatest importance about 1840, when it was selected as the American terminus of the first steamship line (Cunard) connecting Great Britain with the United States; but Boston lost the commercial prestige then won by the failure of the state to promote railway communication with the west, so as to equal the development effected by other cities. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1844: The Massachusetts railroad commission, though preceded in point of time by that of New Hampshire of 1844, was the real beginning of modern state commissions. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1845: Medford ships began to be famous shortly after the beginning of the 19th century, and by 1845 that town employed one quarter of all the shipwrights in the state. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1846: Although in 1846 author Thoreau had to leave Walden Pond and travel to Maine to observe moose, these larger relatives of deer are recolonizing Massachusetts as old farms revert to forest. - Massachusetts, Wikitravel.
    • 1850s

      • 1850: Of the increase in the total value of farm property between 1850 and 1900 more than half was in the decade 1890-1900; this increase being due partly to the rising value of suburban realty, but also to a development of intensive farming that has been very marked since 1880. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1850: Since 1850 truant and compulsory attendance laws (the first compulsory education law was passed in 1642) have been enforced in conjunction with laws against child labour. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1851: Although its location is farther east in the Atlantic Ocean than states farther south, Massachusetts has suffered a direct hit from a major hurricane three times since 1851, the same number of direct hits suffered by the southern Atlantic state of Georgia. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • 1860s

      • 1861: During the interval till the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Massachusetts held a distinguished place in national life and politics. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1863: The number of sane paupers declined steadily and markedly from 1863 to 1904. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1865: 2 The introduction of the remarkably complete machinery of the shoe industry was practically complete by 1865, this being the last of the great industries to come under the full dominance of machinery. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1868: Estimation by assessors, without relief for overvaluation except for excess more than 50% above the proper valuation) was introduced in 1868 as a method of securing returns of personalty. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1870s

    • 1880s

      • 1880: A large Jewish population came to the Boston area 1880–1920. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
      • 1881: A local option law was passed, by which the granting of licences for the sale of liquor was confined to cities and towns voting at the annual election to authorize their issue. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1885: Since 1885 a large expenditure has been incurred in the abolition of grade For a summary statement of state labour laws in the United States in 1903 see Bulletin 54 of the United States Bureau of Labor, September 1904; and for a summary of labour laws in force at the end of 1907 see 22nd Annual Report (for 1907) of the U.S. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1885: Since 1885 the natives of southern Italy have greatly increased in number. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1888: The number of licences to be granted in municipalities voting in favour of their issue was limited to one for each moo inhabitants, except in Boston, where one licence may be issued for every 500 inhabitants. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1888: An act was passed providing for the use in state elections of a blanket ballot, on which the names of all candidates for each office are arranged alphabetically under the heading of that office, and there is no arrangement in party columns. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1890s

      • 1890: The commonwealth has expended large sums since 1890 in a vain attempt. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1895: Since 1895 indeterminate sentences have been imposed on all convicts sentenced to the state prison otherwise than for life or as habitual criminals; i.e. maximum and minimum terms are established by law and on the expiration of the latter a revocable permit of liberty may be issued. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1898: Execution by electricity has been the death penalty since 1898. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1898: The Torrens system of land registration was adopted in 1898, and a court created for its administration. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
      • 1899: 3 In 1899 eight hours were made to constitute a day's work for all labourers employed by or for any city or town adopting the act at an annual election. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
  • 20th century

    • 1900: Out of 353 towns and cities 1 This is an especially honourable distinction, for William T. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1900: Afterwards the number of arbitrations by the board increased in number: from 1900 to 1908 (inclusive), of 568 controversies submitted to the board, 525 were settled by an award and 43 by an induced agreement. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1900: The value of farms on which dairying was the chief source of income in 1900 was 46% of the total farm value of the state; the corresponding percentages for livestock, vegetables, hay and grain, flowers and plants, fruit and tobacco, being respectively 14.6, 10 2, 8 o, 4.2, 3.2, and 1 8%. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1900: The average period of schooling per inhabitant for the United States was 4.3 years, for Massachusetts 7 years. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1903: The Old Corner Bookstore was raided and fined for selling Boccaccio's Decameron. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • 1905: Though only four states of the Union are smaller, only three exceeded Massachusetts in 1905 in the value of manufactured products (six exceeding it in population); and this despite very scant native resources of raw materials and a very limited home market. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1907: But in 1907 Boston was the second port of the United States in the magnitude of its foreign commerce. - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1907: Massachusetts ranked sixth among the states in the value of its trap rock product ($432,604), and eighth in sandstone ($243,328). - Massachusetts, 1911encyclopedia.
    • September 19, 1917: Stringham was laid down on 19 September 1917 at Quincy, Massachusetts, by the Fore River Shipbuilding Company; launched on 30 March 1918; sponsored by Mrs. - USS Stringham (DD-83), Wikipedia.
    • August 23, 1927: Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were found guilty and executed via electrocution in Massachusetts on August 23, 1927. - Calvin Goddard (ballistics), Wikipedia.
    • September 20, 1932: Farragut was laid down by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation at Quincy in Massachusetts on 20 September 1932, launched on 15 March 1934 by Mrs. - USS Farragut (DD-348), Wikipedia.
    • December 18, 1944: Massachusetts and the other ships of Task Force 38 unexpectedly found themselves in a fight for their lives when Typhoon Cobra overtook the force. - USS Massachusetts (BB-59), Wikipedia.
    • November 1, 1949: Willis A. Lee was laid down by the Shipbuilding Division of the Bethlehem Steel Company at Quincy in Massachusetts on 1 November 1949, reclassified as a destroyer leader and designated DL-4 on 9 February 1951, launched on 26 January 1952 by Mrs. - USS Willis A. Lee (DL-4), Wikipedia.
    • February 15, 1954: The yacht club was associated by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on February 15th 1954. - New Silver Beach, Wikipedia.
    • September 28, 1956: Robert Michael Miller Jr. was born on September 28, 1956 in Medford, Massachusetts and grew up in Billerica, Massachusetts. - Bob Miller (ice hockey), Wikipedia.
    • November 15, 1962: The 499th Air Refueling Wing was established on 15 Nov 1962 at Westover AFB, Massachusetts. - 499th Air Refueling Wing, Wikipedia.
    • 1972: During the 1972 election, Massachusetts was the only state to give its electoral votes to George McGovern, the Democratic nominee (The District of Columbia also voted for McGovern). - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.
    • December 30, 1972: He carried out two fatal terrorist attacks on two abortion clinics in Massachusetts, on December 30, 1994. - John Salvi, Wikipedia.
    • September 15, 1975: Boston College and Notre Dame first met on the gridiron on September 15, 1975, in a game held at Foxboro Stadium in Massachusetts. - Holy War (Boston College vs. Notre Dame), Wikipedia.
    • 1988: More recently, it has gradually shifted to the Democratic Party since 1988. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 1991: Although Republicans held the governor's office continuously from 1991 to 2007, they have mostly been among the most liberal Republican leaders in the nation, especially William Weld (the first of four recent Republican governors). - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
  • 21st century

    • September 11, 2002: The annual Madeline Amy Sweeney Award for Civilian Bravery is awarded every September 11 to at least one Massachusetts resident who displayed extraordinary courage in defending or saving the lives of others. - Madeline Amy Sweeney, Wikipedia.
    • September 11, 2002: The annual Madeline Amy Sweeney Award will be presented every September 11 to at least one Massachusetts resident who displayed extraordinary courage in defending or saving the lives of others. - Acton, Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • September 7, 2007: Nordstrom opened up their first store in Massachusetts at the newly renovated and upscale Natick Collection, making it one of the most profitable openings in Nordstrom history. - Nordstrom, Wikipedia.
    • September 7, 2008: Hanna transitioned into an extratropical cyclone as it moved offshore from Massachusetts early on September 7. - 2008 Atlantic hurricane season, Wikipedia.
    • November 4, 2008: Citizens of the state voted to decriminalize the possession of marijuana. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • January 19, 2010: Massachusetts elected Scott Brown as its first Republican Senator since Edward Brooke left office in 1979. - Massachusetts, Wikipedia.
    • 2010: [3] The Greater Springfield area is serviced by the Pioneer Valley Transportation Authority (PVTA).In addition, the Springfield area will finally receive its own commuter rail service around 2010, with service south to Hartford and New Haven in Connecticut, and perhaps commuter service to Boston at a later date. - Massachusetts, Genealogy_wikia.






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