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Winston Churchill: Timeline

  
  
  
  
  
  

  • 1810s

  • 1870s

  • 1890s

    • 1893: After Churchill left Harrow in 1893, he applied to attend the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • December, 1894: He graduated eighth out of a class of 150 in December 1894,[25] and although he could now have transferred to an infantry regiment as his father had wished, chose to remain with the cavalry and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the 4th Queen's Own Hussars on 20 February 1895. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • January 24, 1895: His father died on 24 January 1895, aged just 45, leaving Churchill with the conviction that he too would die young, so should be quick about making his mark on the world. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1895: Churchill travelled to Cuba to observe the Spanish fight the Cuban guerrillas; he had obtained a commission to write about the conflict from the Daily Graphic. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1898: Churchill was transferred to Egypt in 1898 where he visited Luxor before joining an attachment of the 21st Lancers serving in the Sudan under the command of General Herbert Kitchener. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • September, 1898: While in the Sudan, he participated in what has been described as the last meaningful British cavalry charge at the Battle of Omdurman in September 1898. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • October, 1898: By October 1898, he had returned to Britain and begun his two-volume work; The River War, an account of the reconquest of the Sudan published the following year. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • October 12, 1899: The Second Boer War between Britain and the Boer Republics broke out and he obtained a commission to act as war correspondent for the Morning Post with a salary of £250 per month. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
  • 1900s

    • 1900: Churchill stood again for the seat of Oldham at the 1900 general election. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1900: Churchill stood again for parliament in Oldham in the general election of 1900 and won (his Conservative colleague, Crisp, was defeated) in the contest for two seats. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1900: He retired from regular army and in 1902 joined the Imperial Yeomanry where he was commissioned as a Captain in the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars on 4 January 1902. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1900: Churchill returned to England on the RMS Dunottar Castle, the same ship on which he set sail for South Africa eight months earlier. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1900: After the 1900 general election he embarked on a speaking tour of Britain, followed by tours of the United States and Canada, earning in excess of £5,000. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1903: From 1903 to 1905 he was a member of the Legislature of New Hampshire, and in 1912 he was an unsuccessful candidate for governor on the Progressive ticket. - Winston Churchill, 1911encyclopedia.
    • 1903: From 1903 until 1905, Churchill was also engaged in writing Lord Randolph Churchill, a two-volume biography of his father which was published in 1906 and received much critical acclaim. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1904: After the Whitsun recess in 1904 he crossed the floor to sit as a member of the Liberal Party. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • December, 1905: When the Liberals took office with Henry Campbell-Bannerman as Prime Minister, in December 1905, Churchill became Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies dealing mainly with South Africa after the Boer War. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • February 22, 1906: "The conditions of the Transvaal ordinance under which Chinese Labour is now being carried on do not, in my opinion, constitute a state of slavery. A labour contract into which men enter voluntarily for a limited and for a brief period, under which they are paid wages which they consider adequate, under which they are not bought or sold and from which they can obtain relief on payment of seventeen pounds ten shillings, the cost of their passage, may not be a healthy or proper contract, but it cannot in the opinion of His Majesty's Government be classified as slavery in the extreme acceptance of the word without some risk of terminological inexactitude." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
    • 1906: He won the seat at the 1906 general election with a majority of 1,214 and represented the seat for two years, until 1908. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1908: When Campbell-Bannerman was succeeded by Herbert Henry Asquith in 1908, Churchill was promoted to the Cabinet as President of the Board of Trade. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1908: They met again at a dinner party hosted by Lady St Helier. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • August 10, 1908: He proposed to Clementine during a house party at Blenheim Palace on 10 August 1908, in a small Temple of Diana. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • September 12, 1908: They were married in St. Margaret's, Westminster. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1909: After the budget bill was sent to the Commons in 1909 and passed, it went to the House of Lords, where it was vetoed. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
  • 1910s

    • 1910: A number of coal miners in the Rhondda Valley began what has come to be known as the Tonypandy Riot. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • December, 1910: The Liberals then fought and won two general elections in January and December 1910 to gain a mandate for their reforms. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • January, 1911: In early January 1911, Churchill made a controversial visit to the Siege of Sidney Street in London. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1911: The budget was then passed following the Parliament Act 1911 for which he also campaigned. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1911: Churchill was transferred to the office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, a post he held into World War I. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1911: He helped draft the first unemployment pension legislation, the National Insurance Act of 1911. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • September 12, 1912: The First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, gave a speech in which he proposed 10 or 12 regional parliaments for the United Kingdom. - Regions of England, Wikipedia.
    • October 7, 1914: Their third child, Sarah, was born on 7 October 1914 at Admiralty House. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • October 5, 1914: Churchill went to Antwerp, which the Belgian government proposed to evacuate. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • November 3, 1914: Churchill ordered the first British attack on the Dardanelles following the opening of hostilities between Turkey and Russia. - HMS Indefatigable (1909), Wikipedia.
    • November 3, 1914: Churchill ordered the first British attack on the Dardanelles following the opening of hostilities between Turkey and Russia. - Indefatigable class battlecruiser, Wikipedia.
    • November 3, 1914: Churchill ordered the first British attack on the Dardanelles following the opening of hostilities between Turkey and Russia. - Invincible class battlecruiser, Wikipedia.
    • December 25, 1914: In this function he took notice of the ideas of Major Ernest Swinton to build a tracked armoured vehicle and brought them to the attention of Winston Churchill on 25 December 1914, leading to the eventual creation of the Landship Committee. - Maurice Hankey, 1st Baron Hankey, Wikipedia.
    • 1915: He was one of the political and military engineers of the disastrous Gallipoli landings on the Dardanelles during World War I. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • November 15, 1915: However on 15 November 1915 he resigned from the government, feeling his energies were not being used[72] and, though remaining an MP, served for several months on the Western Front commanding the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers, under the rank of Colonel. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • September, 1916: He transferred to the territorial reserves of officers where he remained till retiring in 1924. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • November 15, 1918: Clementine gave birth to her fourth child, Marigold Frances Churchill, on 15 November 1918, four days after the official end of World War I. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • September, 1919: He is chiefly remember for his very public attack on Winston Churchill in September 1919 which ultimately led to his court martial at Middlesex Guild Hall, England, on October 28 1919. - Jack Sherwood Kelly, Wikipedia.
  • 1920s

  • 1930s

    • 1930s: Churchill opposed Mohandas Gandhi's peaceful disobedience revolt and the Indian Independence movement in the 1930s, arguing that the Round Table Conference "was a frightful prospect". - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • January 28, 1931: "I remember, when I was a child, being taken to the celebrated Barnum's circus, which contained an exhibition of freaks and monstrosities. but the exhibit on the programme which I most desired to see was the one described as "The Boneless Wonder." My parents judged that that spectacle would be too revolting and demoralising for my youthful eyes, and I have waited 50 years to see the boneless wonder sitting on the Treasury Bench." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
    • February 23, 1931: "It is alarming and also nauseating to see Mr. Gandhi, a seditious Middle Temple lawyer of the type well-known in the East, now posing as a fakir, striding half naked up the steps of the Viceregal palace to parley on equal terms with the representative of the King-Emperor." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
    • April, 1931: The first was his speech on the eve of the St George by-election in April 1931. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1931: He warned against the League of Nations opposing the Japanese in Manchuria "I hope we shall try in England to understand the position of Japan, an ancient state... - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1931: When Ramsay MacDonald formed the National Government in 1931, Churchill was not invited to join the Cabinet. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1931: The Viceroy Lord Irwin who had been appointed by the prior Conservative Government engaged in the Round Table Conference in early 1931 and then announced the Government's policy that India should be granted Dominion Status. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1932: Beginning in 1932, when he opposed those who advocated giving Germany the right to military parity with France, Churchill spoke often of the dangers of Germany's rearmament. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • 1936: Focus led to the formation of the much wider Arms and the Covenant Movement in 1936. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • November 12, 1936: "The era of procrastination, of half-measures, of soothing and baffling expedients, of delays, is coming to its close. In its place we are entering a period of consequences." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
    • November 12, 1936: "Anyone can see what the position is. The Government simply cannot make up their mind, or they cannot get the Prime Minister to make up his mind. So they go on in strange paradox, decided only to be undecided, resolved to be irresolute, adamant for drift, solid for fluidity, all powerful to be impotent. So we go on preparing more months and years – precious, perhaps vital to the greatness of Britian – for the locusts to eat." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
    • 1937: He supported the Hoare-Laval Pact and continued up until 1937 to praise Benito Mussolini. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
    • September, 1939: After the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, he was succeeded as First Lord of the Admiralty by Winston Churchill and appointed Lord President of the Council. - James Stanhope, 7th Earl Stanhope, Wikipedia.
  • 1940s


    • 1940

      • January 20, 1940: In a 20 January 1940 radio speech Winston Churchill tried to convince them not to wait for an inevitable German attack, but to join the Entente. - Battle of the Netherlands, Wikipedia.
      • May 10, 1940: Following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain on 10 May 1940, he became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and led Britain to victory against the Axis powers. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
      • 1940: He served as Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
      • 1940: "He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, and again from 1951 to 1955." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
      • September 11, 1940: "These cruel, wanton, indiscriminate bombings of London are, of course, a part of Hitler’s invasion plans. He hopes, by killing large numbers of civilians, and women and children, that he will terrorise and cow the people of this mighty imperial city ... Little does he know the spirit of the British nation, or the tough fibre of the Londoners." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.

    • 1941

      • February 12, 1941: Prime Minister Winston Churchill appointed Johnston as Secretary of State for Scotland on 12 February 1941, and Johnston retained the post until May 1945. - Thomas Johnston, Wikipedia.
      • August 9, 1941: Augusta was joined by the British warship HMS Prince of Wales carrying British Prime Minister Winston Churchill on August 9, 1941. - Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Wikipedia.
      • August 9, 1941: Augusta was joined by the British warship HMS Prince of Wales carrying British Prime Minister Winston Churchill on August 9, 1941. - Naval Station Argentia, Wikipedia.
      • December 30, 1941: "We have not journeyed all this way across the centuries, across the oceans, across the mountains, across the prairies, because we are made of sugar candy." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
      • December 30, 1941: "When I warned them that Britain would fight on alone whatever they did, their generals told their Prime Minister and his divided Cabinet, "In three weeks England will have her neck wrung like a chicken." Some chicken! Some neck!" - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
      • December 26, 1941: The term was used by the then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill during an address to both houses of Congress in the United States of America on the 26 December 1941. - Quisling, Wikipedia.

    • 1942

      • February 12, 1942: Following the Air Ministry Area bombing directive on 12 February 1942, Lindemann presented the dehousing paper to Churchill on 30 March 1942, which advocated area bombardment of German cities to break the spirit of the people. - Frederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell, Wikipedia.
      • October 23, 1942: In line with the bombing of Genoa and Turin on 23 October 1942 and a speech by the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill six days later, warning the Italian government that the RAF would continue bombing Italian cities while Italy remained an Axis power, a directive was issued on 17 January 1943 (S.46368/??? - Area bombing directive, Wikipedia.
      • November 10, 1942: "Now this is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
      • November 10, 1942: "I have not become the King’s First Minister in order to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
      • November 10, 1942: Winston Churchill famously summed up the battle on 10 November 1942 with the words "now this is not the end, it is not even the beginning of the end. - Military history of Egypt during World War II, Wikipedia.
      • December 19, 1942: "I am sure it would be sensible to restrict as much as possible the work of these gentlemen, who are capable of doing an immense amount of harm with what may very easily degenerate into charlatanry. The tightest hand should be kept over them, and they should not be allowed to quarter themselves in large numbers among Fighting Services at the public expense." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
      • December 6, 1942: "The maxim ‘Nothing avails but perfection’ may be spelt shorter: ‘Paralysis.’" - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.

    • 1943


    • 1944

      • November 29, 1944: "A love of tradition has never weakened a nation, indeed it has strengthened nations in their hour of peril; but the new view must come, the world must roll forward ... Let us have no fear of the future." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
      • November, 1944: Then in November 1944 Guinness succeeded to the barony when his father, posted abroad as Resident Minister in the Middle East by his friend Winston Churchill, was assassinated in Cairo. - Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne, Wikipedia.

    • 1945

      • 1945: After losing the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition. - Winston Churchill, Wikipedia.
      • October 22, 1945: "The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings. The inherent virtue of Socialism is the equal sharing of miseries." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.

    • 1946


    • 1947

      • November 11, 1947: "Many forms of Government have been tried and will be tried in this world of sin and woe. No one pretends that democracy is perfect or all-wise. Indeed, it has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.

    • 1949

      • November 2, 1949: "Broadly speaking, short words are best, and the old words, when short, are best of all." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
  • 1950s

    • October 24, 1950: "It excites world wonder in the Parliamentary countries that we should build a Chamber, starting afresh, which can only seat two-thirds of its Members. It is difficult to explain this to those who do not know our ways. They cannot easily be made to understand why we consider that the intensity, passion, intimacy, informality and spontaneity of our Debates constitute the personality of the House of Commons and endow it at once with its focus and its strength." - Winston Churchill, Wikiquote.
    • December, 1955: Shortly after Anthony Eden succeeded Winston Churchill as Prime Minister in April, Peake resigned from the government. - Osbert Peake, 1st Viscount Ingleby, Wikipedia.
  • 1960s

  • 2000s







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